gardening and inspiration

Tomatillo and Okra Do-Overs

“Vitality shows in not only the ability to persist but the ability to start over.”

F. Scott Fitzgerald

After a long absence from blogging, my theme for this entry is totally appropriate for my return. A wonderful series of life events kept me busy and away from my writing desk (ironically one of those events involved teaching others how to write). It may be hard to pick back up after losing momentum, but it’s totally worth it. While I was away from the blog, I continued to garden. In my endeavor, there were two plants I wanted to attempt to grow again, and I can now say that I succeeded.

If you go back to my blog in May of last year, I posted an entry called “Twice Transplanting Tomatoes.” https://goingandgrowing.wordpress.com/2013/05/22/twice-transplanting-tomatoes/ I posted an entry about their progress a couple weeks later https://goingandgrowing.wordpress.com/2013/05/31/the-tomatoes-move-into-their-home-and-meet-the-neighbors/. I felt very successful planting my tomatillos and I even watched the plant become very large and full of blooms. I was sure it would be a success as blooms are the start of the coming fruit. What I did not anticipate was a vicious attack from microscopic red spider mites. The trouble with these pests is by the time you realize they are there, it may be too late for your plant. Not only were the pests a problem, but I also failed to plant more than one tomatillo plant and you need at least two for pollination. I never saw a single tomatillo.

Also last year, I tried to grow Okra. Again, the spider mites and caterpillars had a feast. https://goingandgrowing.wordpress.com/2013/07/12/first-a-birder-now-a-bugger/ I maybe ate three okra pods from that plant. It was sorely disappointing.

This year, I planted okra transplants in my front yard among my flowers and I gave tomatillos another chance late this summer. I used many of the same methods except this time the Okra had more room for its roots and a different amount of sun while the tomatillo transplants were placed in a bigger container with several garlic cloves (to hopefully deter spider mites). Also, even though I may have gotten a late start with the tomatillos, they did have the opportunity to grow in slightly cooler weather. Most spider mites thrive in the hottest weather.

SONY DSC An okra bloom

SONY DSC The arrangement: Okra, basil, chives, and low growing flowers

SONY DSC A sprouting okra pod

SONY DSC Basil

SONY DSC Did you know that okra is in the same plant family as the hibiscus? It’s no wonder the flowers are so stunning!

SONY DSC Pollinators help

SONY DSC  Mature okra pods, ready for the picking

As a result, we were able to harvest okra every 2-3 days in July through early October. We probably enjoyed at least ten dinners with fried okra! The plants began to de-leaf as the weather dropped and they were stripped bare in the last typhoon, but we got out of them what we expected. Like any annual, they fruited in season and stopped when their time was up.

Now, my four tomatillo plants are monsters! I’m very pleased with how big and healthy they look and this time, I actually see some tomatillos sprouting rather than just the blooms. This last month, I have not had time or energy to garden; all we did was add water and before I knew it the plants were huge and thriving. I couldn’t be more thrilled!

SONY DSCSONY DSC]SONY DSC

Last year, I didn’t have very much control of the spider mites and I had no control over the weather. I still had a choice as to whether or not I should continue. I’m glad I decided to give these plants another chance. Now, I have reaped and will reap a harvest from what I have sown.

Now, here is the How To:

For Okra:

  1. I used transplants from a local nursery. One advantage to this is the opportunity to get a variety of the plant that probably does well in this region. Another advantage is a slightly faster harvest.
  2. I dug up the soil in my yard and added some of my own compost mixed with vegetable and flower slow release fertilizer (You can make your own compost over the course of a few months or simply buy it at a garden supply). The soil here is a thick clay, but so is the soil used to start the transplants here so they fit right in; extra nutrients can’t hurt though!
  3. I chose an arrangement for my okra and accompanying plants. I planted chives and basil near the okra since I know they are compatible plants with one another and fragrant plants attract good pollinators and deter some of the pests. I also included some low growing, shallow rooting flowers. There are two things I consider when planning the arrangement—compatibility, and plant height. The tallest plants go in the back and the shortest in the front.
  4. I covered the remaining exposed areas with mulch and added water.
  5. After that, water when the soil looks dry or 1-2 times a week and try not to let okra pods grow longer than about 3-4 inches (more than that and they get tough and are hard to eat). Harvest as frequently as you can as that will encourage the plant to grow more fruit.

For Tomatillo:

  1. I started with seeds for these plants. I like to use egg shells as my starter containers and I keep them well watered in a sunny window. Peat pots are great but in my area they tend to mold quickly. I prefer not to have mold on my windowsill.
  2. Once there were at least three sets of leaves, I was ready to transplant into a pot outside. Egg shells are biodegradable, but they don’t break down as quickly as other materials. I gently crack the egg shells and pull them away from the roots before dropping the root ball in soil.
  3. To prepare the pot, I added some fresh as well as previously used soil. I removed old roots from the pot, added compost, and added slow release fertilizer. I mixed them well and moistened the soil. My choice pot is one with a water reservoir so that the plants can wick up the amount of moisture they need and I don’t have to water them as frequently.
  4. I planted each tomatillo plant along the back evenly spacing each one. I then planted a row of garlic cloves* along the middle and sprinkled pansy flower seeds along the edge.
  5. I added water to the soil and filled the water reservoir. Every couple of days I add more water to the reservoir. The plant has since cared for itself.
  6. Final tip: Check under the leaves periodically for pests. The cheapest and most organic control you can use if you find anything is to get a spray bottle with water or a garden hose and dislodge any pests you find. For larger pests such as caterpillars, slugs, snails, and beetles, you can pick them off with gloves or a tool and drop them in soapy water. If you see a lady bug or a praying mantis, leave it alone! Those bugs will kill bad bugs when you’re not around to catch them and they won’t hurt your plant. Ditto for spiders but I don’t blame you if you don’t want them around either!

For garlic:

  1. Take a garlic head from your kitchen and break off a few cloves.
  2. Stick your thumb in the soil and place a garlic clove in the hole with the pointy side up.
  3. Add water and forget about it. You’ll soon see garlic chive shoots pop up and when they brown and tip over you’ll be able to dig up a new head of garlic. It may be a small head, but it’s edible.

I hope you’ve enjoyed my return entry and can take something valuable away from it. Thank you for reading and feel free to leave me comments or questions!

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gardening

Keep a record of when you fertilize so you won’t forget when to fertilize again (lots of pictures)

Had a good and busy day in the garden today and yesterday:

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I added a couple more flower plants in this entry bed.

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I added some flowers to this spot as well. In this area I also buried fertilizers around the first 9 Hibiscus bushes. I learned through my research that Hibiscus plants need approximately three parts potassium, two parts nitrogen, and one small part phosphorous. I used banana peels and coffee grounds as I’ve heard old gardeners sometimes do.

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Here I planted Lemon Balm which is a yummy smelling herb. I have heard Mosquitos aren’t big fans of this plant which makes it appealing to me. Since it is like a mint, I have it in a self watering container as these herbs like a little more moisture than most. I sprinkled some slow release fertilizer in with it.

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Here I have three pepper plants in a box that can fit 8 pepper plants. The first two on the left are jalapeño transplants I bought here in Okinawa a week ago, the third is a colorful pepper plant I bought today (the label reads “okinawa vegetable”), and the next plants will be the seeds I started. I sprinkled slow release fertilizer around the plants.

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In this shallow clay pot I lined the bottom of the container with a coffee filter and drainage stones. Most herbs (mint being the exception) are Mediterranean and like a hot dry climate. This means you must make the pots as moisture wicking as you can. For this arrangement I chose two thyme plants, chamomile, and a melampodem flower (common herb and vegetable companion in Pamela Crawford’s container series). I also used slow release fertilizer in this container.

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Here I also used the drainage stones so that this Basil will be especially tasty. I only planted a single impatiens flower as it is flexible with sun or shade and it won’t take long for the Boxwood Basil to get BIG. Slow release fertilizer was added to this one as well.

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Here I have an okra plant I found in the 45 yen bin and I couldn’t be happier about this one. I really hope I have success with okra this year. With it I planted some gorgeous, tiny petunias and sprinkled some white petunia seed around the empty space. The petunia/okra combo is also featured in Pamela Crawford’s container series. Slow release fertilizer was added.

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Here I have a lavender plant in which I left open space to plant seeds in hopes some flowers will spring up and accompany this fragrant plant. The seeds I chose are white petunia, purple salvia, and chamomile. Slow release fertilizer was added.

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I can hardly wait to harvest delicious food from this garden and watch my flowers bloom.

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As for the “Eesa-Fuji”, after observing it I noticed all of the flowers dropped when it didn’t get very much light. I also noticed that it is in a quick drying soil and as I kept it in partial sun it seemed to become greener. I wanted to plant low growing, dainty purple flowers and these where the only ones I found. I will continue to watch its progress.

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If following in the advice of fertilizing every three months, most of my plants will be due for a feeding in late July. Happy Gardening!

Marissa